Data from: Effects of a 12-week aerobic exercise intervention on eating behaviour, food cravings and 7-day energy intake and energy expenditure in inactive men

Summary

This study examined effects of 12 weeks of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise on eating behaviour, food cravings and weekly energy intake and expenditure in inactive men. Eleven healthy men (mean ± SD: age, 26 ± 5 years; body mass index, 24.6 ± 3.8 kg/m2; maximum oxygen uptake, 43.1 ± 7.4 mL/kg/min) completed the 12-week supervised exercise programme. Body composition, health markers (e.g. blood pressure), eating behaviour, food cravings and weekly energy intake and expenditure were assessed before and after the exercise intervention. There were no intervention effects on weekly free-living energy intake (p=0.326, d=-0.12) and expenditure (p=0.799, d=0.04), or uncontrolled eating and emotional eating scores (p>0.05). However, there was a trend with a medium effect size (p=0.058, d=0.68) for cognitive restraint to be greater after the exercise intervention. Total food cravings (p=0.009, d=-1.19) and specific cravings of high-fat foods (p=0.023, d=-0.90), fast-food fats (p=0.009, d=-0.71) and carbohydrates/starches (p=0.009, d=-0.56) decreased from baseline to 12 weeks. Moreover, there was a trend with a large effect size for cravings of sweets (p=0.052, d=-0.86) to be lower after the exercise intervention. In summary, 12 weeks of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise reduced food cravings and increased cognitive restraint, however, these were not accompanied by changes in other eating behaviours and weekly energy intake and expenditure. The results indicate the importance of exercising for health improvements even when reductions in body mass are modest.

Keywords: exercise, food cravings, eating behaviour, weekly energy intake and expenditure
Creators:
Academic units: Faculty of Health and Wellbeing (HWB) > Research Centres > Centre for Sport and Exercise Science (CSES)
Funders:
Funder NameGrant NumberFunder ID
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research CouncilEP/H000275/1http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100000266
Engineering for LifeUNSPECIFIEDhttp://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100000266
Publisher of the data: SHU Research Data Archive (SHURDA)
Publication date: 24 May 2017
Data last accessed: No data downloaded yet
DOI: http://doi.org/10.17032/shu-170004
SHURDA URI: http://shurda.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/49

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